How to take care of the newborn baby at home?
For new parents, the first few months with their child can be chaotic and overwhelming. Everyone will give you contradictory suggestions regarding how to care for a newborn kid. It can be difficult to decide which newborn care recommendations to heed. Although taking care of a newborn is demanding and taxing, it is also one of the most joyous and fulfilling moments of your life.
These tips can help even the most nervous first-time parents feel confident about caring for a newborn in no time.
Naturally, caring for a newborn is difficult the first time around. So, here are some suggestions to help you care for a newborn child:
Help your newborn get plenty of rest:
To continue developing healthily and strongly, newborns need to sleep a lot; some can sleep up to 16 hours each day. Although your baby may be able to sleep for 6-8 hours at a time once he or she is around three months old, in the beginning, your baby may only sleep for 2-3 hours at a time and has to be woken up if there has been no feeding for 4 hours.
When a baby is born, their days and nights may be mixed up. If your baby wakes up more frequently at night, try to reduce evening stimulation by keeping the lights low and your voice quiet, and be patient until your baby starts following a regular sleeping schedule.
To reduce the risk of SIDS, always put your baby to sleep on his back.
To avoid the “soft spot” that can develop on a baby’s face if he spends too much time sleeping with his head in one position, you should alternate your baby’s head position, whether it is tilting to the left or the right.
Consider breastfeeding your newborn:
When you hold your newborn for the first time after delivery, feeding her is a terrific place to start if you wish to breastfeed. So that you are holding your infant’s chest close to your own, bend her body toward you. When she opens her mouth wide, touch her top lip with your nipple and draw her to your breast. She should then cover as much of the areola and your nipple with her mouth. Here are some guidelines for breastfeeding your child.
If your infant struggles to feed at first, don’t worry; it only takes time and practice. A nurse or even a lactation specialist can assist you (who can be helpful before birth).
Recognize that nursing shouldn’t be painful. Put your pinkie finger between your baby’s gums and your breast to break the suction if the latch-on hurts. Then try it again.
During the first 24 hours after the birth of the baby, you should nurse 8 to 12 times. The only requirement is that you breastfeed your baby anytime they exhibit symptoms of hunger, such as increased mouthing and activity or searching for your nipple. You should feed your baby at least once every four hours, and if required, you should gently wake her up to feed her.
Make sure you settle in. Feedings can last up to 40 minutes, so find a comfortable location where you can lean back and nurse.
Consume a nutritious, balanced diet. Keep yourself hydrated, be ready for greater than usual hunger, and pay attention to it. Caffeine and alcohol should be consumed in moderation because they pass into breast milk.
Diaper your newborn:
If you want to take care of your newborn, whether you use cloth diapers or disposable ones, you’ll need to be a diaper-changing pro, and quick. You should be ready to change your baby’s diaper about 10 times each day, regardless of the method you choose (and you should make that decision before you bring your baby home). What you must do is as follows:
Prepare your materials. A clean diaper, fasteners (if you use cloth diapers), diaper cream (for rashes), a bowl of warm water, a clean washcloth, and some cotton balls or diaper wipes are all necessary.
Remove the dirty nappy from your child. Place your child on his back, take off his diaper, and wipe his genital region with a washcloth and water if it is wet. Avoid UTIs by wiping girls from front to back. Apply some ointment to any rash you notice.
Your baby’s legs and feet should be gently lifted while you open the fresh diaper and slide it underneath. Place the front of the diaper over your baby’s belly and up between their legs. After that, wrap the adhesive strips around and fasten them firmly to ensure that the diaper is properly secured.
Change your baby’s diaper as soon as you see that it is soiled to prevent diaper rash.
Bathe your newborn:
After the umbilical cord is cut, you can begin regularly washing your child, perhaps twice or three times each week. To accomplish this correctly, gather your materials in advance to avoid your baby fussing, such as towels, soap, a clean diaper, etc. Before starting the bath, add about three inches of warm water to the tub or baby tub. What you should do next is as follows:
See if you can get assistance. When you bathe your infant for the first time, you might feel a little nervous or afraid. If so, try to involve your spouse or a member of your family. So, while the baby is being bathed, one person can hold the infant in the water.
Your baby should be carefully undressed. Next, place your infant’s feet first into the tub while supporting his or her neck and hands with one of your hands. To prevent your infant from getting cold, keep adding warm cupfuls of water to the bath.
Use mild soap sparingly to avoid getting any in your baby’s eyes. Be sure to gently wash your infant from top to bottom and from front to back whether you’re using your hands or a washcloth. Your infant’s torso, genitalia, scalp, hair, and any dried mucous that has accumulated on his or her face should all be cleaned.
Rinse your infant thoroughly in a cup of warm water. With a washcloth, cleanly wipe your infant. With one hand still supporting her neck and head, lift the infant out of the tub. Be careful since damp babies are slick.
Dry your infant off by wrapping him or her in a hooded towel. After that, put a diaper and dress on your baby and kiss him so he has positive associations with being bathed.
Know how to handle your newborn:
The tiny and delicate appearance of your newborn may overwhelm you, but with a few simple handling skills, you should feel more at ease in no time. What you should do is as follows:
Before handling your infant, wash or sterilize your hands. Because of the immaturity of their immune systems, newborn newborns are more prone to illness. Before you make contact, ensure sure your hands and the hands of anyone else who will be handling the infant are clean.
Support the head and neck of your infant. When carrying your baby, always cradle his head and support it when you’re holding him up or putting him down. Never let a baby’s head flop around because babies can’t support their heads at this time.
Whether playing or irate, refrain from shaking your infant. This may result in cerebral hemorrhage, which may be fatal. Instead of shaking your infant to get it to wake up, try tickling its feet or giving it another soft touch.
Understand how to swaddle a baby. This is a fantastic approach to maintaining your baby’s sense of security before he is two months old.
Give your baby “tummy time” every day:
Since your baby spends so much of its time on its back, it’s important to also give your baby time to stay on his tummy so that he develops both mentally and physically and strengthens his arms, head, and neck. Some doctors say babies should get 15-20 minutes of tummy time a day, while others say that you should just place your baby on his tummy for 5 minutes during different parts of the day as he develops.
Once the umbilical cord has been cut, you can start stomach time as soon as one week after the baby is born.
Get on your baby’s level during tummy time to make it enjoyable. Make eye contact, interact with your child, and tickle him.
Some infants will be unwilling to engage in tummy time because it is laborious. If this occurs, don’t be startled or give in.
Umbilical Cord Stump Care:
The umbilical cord stump needs to be taken care of as part of newborn baby care throughout the first month. Give a healthy newborn a bath in lukewarm water 2–6 hours after birth. Keep your navel dry and clean. To allow the stump to dry, keep the baby’s diaper folded down. Before handling the navel area, wash your hands. Use a moist cloth to clean, and then dry with a fresh, absorbent one. Keep an eye out for infection symptoms near the cord stump. Take the infant to a pediatrician if there is redness, swelling, odorous discharge or pus, and bleeding around the navel.
Keep it tidy. It should be washed with simple water and dried with a fresh, absorbent cloth. Before handling it, make careful to wash your hands. Until it falls off, continue giving your infant sponge baths.
Dry it off. Give your infant a partial bath as soon as the stump comes off. Keep the front of your baby’s diaper folded down so it is exposed to the air so the base can dry out.
Learn to soothe a crying newborn:
It’s not always simple to figure out why your kid is upset right away, but there are a few strategies you may try. Look for a dripping diaper. Attempt to feed them. If that doesn’t work, try adding or removing a layer of clothes depending on how chilly or hot it is outside. Your infant may occasionally just need to be held or may be overstimulated. You’ll grow better at identifying problems as you get to know your baby.
Additionally, your infant could only require a burp.
It will be beneficial to gently rock them and sing or hum lullabies to them. If that fails, give them a pacifier. Lay them down since they might just be exhausted. Babies will occasionally merely scream, and you must allow them to do so until they fall asleep.
Interact with your newborn:
Although you can’t play with the child yet, they do get bored much like us. Try talking to them, putting images in the room where they spend most of their time, taking them in the car, taking them for a stroll to the park once a day, or any combination of these. Do not roughhouse or shake your baby; instead, be as gentle as you can. Keep in mind that your kid is simply a baby and is not ready for rough play.
The most crucial action you can take at first is to develop a close relationship with your child. As a result, you should cradle, touch, and/or stroke your baby. You might even think about giving your baby an infant massage.
It’s never too early to begin talking, chattering, singing, or cooing with your baby. Babies enjoy vocal noises. While you’re spending time together, sing to the baby or play with objects that make noise, such as rattles or mobiles.
An excellent technique to strengthen your relationship with your child is through massage. Additionally, it aids in digestion and blood circulation improvement while lulling the infant to sleep. Apply a tiny amount of lotion or baby oil to your hands. Next, massage her body in a gentle, rhythmic motion. When stroking the baby’s body, look her in the eye and chat with her. Before the infant takes a bath is a nice opportunity to massage her.
Safe cord care, which entails using sterile tools to cut the umbilical cord and clean thread to tie it, optimal thermal care, which entails wrapping the baby within 10 minutes of birth and bathing the baby after 6 hours, and neonatal feeding practice, which entails starting breastfeeding within the first hour after birth, are all crucial components of good and essential newborn practices.
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