Top 5 side effects of contraceptive pills

Top 5 side effects of contraceptive pills

Top 5 side effects of contraceptive pills 

The birth control pill also referred to as the contraceptive pill (OCP), is quite successful at preventing pregnancy. The hormones oestrogen and progestin are contained in these little pills. 

By suppressing the pituitary gland, these hormones limit ovulation in females, which limits pregnancy. Like any medication, it could have some unidentified and probable side effects. 

If you develop persistent or severe side effects after using oral contraceptives, speak with your doctor right away.

The operation of oral birth control will also be covered in this article. What potential and unknowable negative effects might the use of these oral contraceptives have? Here are few effects 

What are contraceptive medications? 

The use of pills, vaginal rings, and patches are examples of hormonal contraceptive methods. Contraceptive tablets, on the other hand, are a more popular birth control option due to their accessibility and usability. 

Mini pills, which only contain progestin, and combination pills, which contain both progestin and oestrogen produced artificially, are the two main types of contraceptive pills. 

Additionally, endometriosis, acne, and premenstrual syndrome can all be treated with the contraceptive pill. They can also help with irregular, painful, or heavy periods (PMS). 

More than 100 million women globally use contraceptive pills, and nearly 12 million women in the United States do as well, according to Wikipedia statistics. 

In terms of Indian statistics, the number is unimaginable given the country’s overall population. There are reportedly between 100 million and 120 million people. 

Free stock photo of adult, bottle, brunette Stock Photo

Side Effects of Contraceptive Pills 

The side effects of contraceptives could last for a long time or only a short while. Since your body adjusts to the hormone intake, the immediate effects may go away after a few months. 

However, long-term consequences can result in blood clots, high blood pressure, cardiac issues, stroke, cervical cancer, and breast cancer. So, you can be more vulnerable if you use contraceptives for a longer time. Also, consider the less well-known adverse effects of birth control tablets. 

woman hand holding contraceptive pills and mark the date on calendar woman hand holding contraceptive pills and mark the date on calendar contraceptive pill stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images

Skipping Period 

While using birth control, it is possible that you will not get your monthly period; nevertheless, this is not a problem. When you take a contraceptive pill, your body receives a variety of chemicals that prevent ovulation and other processes that promote fertilization. 

Thus, it has the potential to influence monthly periods. While some women may skip their period, the majority of women may experience minimal bleeding. 

The majority of these issues can, however, go away as your body becomes used to hormone supplements. Also, the good news is that the adverse effects of birth control pills will be rare in your future pregnancy.

Asian woman holding contraceptive pills in the bed room, Health and medical concept Asian woman holding contraceptive pills in the bed room., Health and medical concept contraceptive pill stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images 

Clotting Blood 

Although it is a rare adverse effect of contraceptive pills, blood clots are a significant one. Although contraceptive pills don’t cause blood clots, evidence suggests they can increase a woman’s risk of developing one.

Heart attacks and strokes are more likely to occur as a result of blood clots in important blood vessels, which increases their chance. 

Synthetic progestin and oestrogen hormones are present in contraceptive pills. The blood clotting components may be activated by oestrogen hormones. The risk of a blood clot is, however, very low for the typical woman. 

Birth control pill. Birth control pill contraceptive pill calendar routine nobody close-up contraceptive pill stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images

Reduced Sex Drive 

Contraceptive medications can lessen your desire for sex, which is a damaging side effect, according to a study. It occurs as a result of the tablet’s anti-testosterone effects. 

The purpose of hormonal birth control methods is to prevent ovulation, and they do this by suppressing female hormones. These hormones, however, are also what cause women to feel sexual urges.

In addition, women occasionally report breast pain and vaginal dryness as a result of taking medications that reduce their sex drive. 

Fungal infections 

The overproduction of yeast in the vagina leads to yeast infections. A type of yeast that causes the infection is Candida. It is followed by a thick white discharge, which can cause inflammation and extreme itching. It may not smell when the discharge is present. 

Women who use contraceptives are therefore more likely to develop yeast infections. It is mostly due to the contraceptive pills’ interference with the hormone balance that occurs naturally. 

Beautiful young woman holding contraceptive pills over white background. Shot of beautiful young woman holding contraceptive pills over white background. contraceptive pill stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images

Dried Eyes 

Dried eyes in women can also be a result of hormonal changes brought on by birth control drugs. Particularly, vision problems and dry eyes are side effects of oestrogen-based medications. 

It’s to prevent the negative side effect of dry eyes brought on by oestrogen’s detrimental effects on the tear gland. Women who use progestin-oestrogen combo pills, however, suffer fewer dry eye conditions. 



Other noteworthy negative effects of using contraceptive pills include mood swings, migraine headaches, decreased libido, breast tenderness, severe migraines, chest pain, shortness of breath, or both. 

Therefore, talk to our fertility expert and Gynecologist and seek emergency medical attention if you are also suffering any of the negative effects listed above. 


1.Do birth control pills damage one’s ability to smell? 

Birth control pills do indeed impair your sense of smell, which may ultimately affect your level of attraction. 

2.Can I skip my medication or take it at various times throughout the day? 

Inconsistency with birth control, such as failing to take the pill at the same time every day, is to blame for 95% of pregnancies, not good intentions. 

3.Can an injection of contraception replace pills? 

It is possible to have a three-month contraceptive shot that is almost 99% effective, as well as the pill. 

4.Does taking a contraceptive pill cause weight gain? 

The idea that taking the tablet causes weight gain is untrue. According to a study, those who use pills do gain weight, but there is no proof that this weight increase is related to birth control. 

5.Does long-term use of a contraceptive pill harm you or make you infertile? 

It is untrue that long-term pill use is harmful or will render a woman infertile. Since the 1960s, women have been using the FDA-approved pill, and throughout tests and surveys, there have been no indications that the pill is harming their health. 

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